Minerals in Alberta

Minerals in Alberta

Alberta’s geology is favourable for a diversity of metallic and nonmetallic minerals and stones including diamonds, gold, copper, lead, zinc, iron, rare earth elements, lithium, uranium, sulphur, magnetite, potash, salt, peat, humalite, silica sand, shale/clay, gemstones, sandstone, dolomite, and limestone. Alberta’s main production is aggregate from sand and gravel deposits, followed by sulphur production as a by-product element from sour gas processing, refining of crude oil and bitumen upgrading. Operating quarries produce limestone, dolomitic siltstone, sandstone, shale, silica sand, and salt. Other industrial minerals with economic potential include magnetite, lithium, and potash, with projects in southwestern, northwestern, and west-central Alberta, respectively. Gold production from placer deposits is very limited and occurs mostly as a by-product recovery mineral from sand and gravel operations. Other metallic deposits have been discovered such as Clear Hills iron in northwestern Alberta and Buckton polymetallic black shale in northeastern Alberta.

Our new Alberta Interactive Minerals Map (AIMM) and Alberta Mineral Data Portal highlight some of the available metallic and industrial mineral data and enable the public to download the data in spreadsheet, shapefile, or KML format.

The Mineral Core Research Facility (MCRF) in Edmonton contains mineral core and rock samples from various mineral exploration projects in Alberta. The collection is publicly available to prospectors, mineral exploration companies, and academia for mineral exploration and research purposes.

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