Bulletin 014

Bulletin 014

BUL 014

Criteria for Differentiating the McMurray and Clearwater Formations in the Athabasca Oil Sands

Author(s) Carrigy, M.A. Date 1963-01-01

In the absence of fossil evidence the presence of the following minerals in a sample of Athabasca oil sand identifies it as belonging to the Clearwater Formation: (1) glauconite pellets, (2) euhedral biotite flakes, (3) montmorillonite, (4) euhedral grains of plagioclase feldspar. Other diagnostic characteristics of the oil sands of this formation include the presence of felsite grains and of more than 10 per cent of chert grains in the sand fraction.

Carrigy, M.A. (1963): Criteria for differentiating the McMurray and Clearwater formations in the Athabasca Oil Sands; Research Council of Alberta, RCA/AGS Bulletin 14, 39 p.